China warns of tariffs on imported US goods worth $60bn

Tuesday, 23 August 2022 06:08 Written by

China has unveiled plans to impose retaliatory tariffs on US imports worth $60bn (£46bn), firing the latest volley in the mounting trade disputebetween the world’s two largest economies – which are currently conducting “zero” dialogue on trade, according to reports.

Signalling the nation’s readiness to respond to the higher tariffs threatened by Donald Trump on $200bn of Chinese imports, officials in Beijing said countermeasures were ready and waiting for the next move from Washington.

The Chinese finance ministry said 5,207 goods imported from the US could be subjected to the fresh tariffs, with levies ranging from 5% to 25% on products including aircraft, soya bean oil, smoked beef, coffee and flour.

The move comes after Trump asked US trade officials to consider imposing a 25% tariff on $200bn of Chinese goods, up from the 10% level originally proposed last month, as the two countries attempt to reach an agreement on trade. China said at the time blackmail would not work and that it would hit back. 

Calling the Chinese economy “weak” from the lawn of the White House in an interview with Bloomberg TV, Kudlow said: “The president has said time and again, that targeted tariffs are going to be part of the gameplan with China – unless, and until, they begin to meet our requests, and so far they have not.

“They better not underestimate President Trump’s determination to follow through on our asks.”

Signalling a marked deterioration in relations, a senior administration official told CNBC later on Friday that there was now zero engagement on trade between US and Chinese trade officials.

The development suggests the Trump administration’s effort to force Beijing to reform its economic strategy by escalating the dispute with additional tariffs earlier this week has been unsuccessful.

On Thursday, the US commerce secretary, Wilbur Ross, told Fox Business News: “We have to create a situation where it’s more painful for them to continue their bad practices than it is to reform.

“The reason for the tariffs to begin with was to try and convince the Chinese to modify their behavior. Instead they have been retaliating. So the president now feels that it’s potentially time to put more pressure on, in order to modify their behavior,” he added.

Despite IMF warnings that an escalation of the US-China trade dispute could pose risks for the global economy, Ross sought to downplay the threat of disruption, saying US tariffs would only add up to about half of all Chinese imports.

A 25% levy “on $200bn, if it comes to pass, is $50bn a year,” Ross told Fox. “$50bn a year on an $18tn economy” was a fraction of a percent, he said, adding: “It’s not something that’s going to be cataclysmic.”

The latest exchanges in the mounting trade war between the US and some of its biggest trading partners, including China, the EU, Canada and Mexico, comes amid early signs of damage for the world economy.

The Bank of England said on Thursday protectionist trade policies were beginning to have an adverse impact, most notably on indicators of global goods trade. Growth in factory output has begun slowing across advanced economies, while business leaders fear further escalation.

The Chinese yuan was on track to complete its eighth weekly decline on Friday, its longest losing streak in 25 years. While that could signal investors pulling money from the country, it could also help Chinese exporters manage the impact of higher US import tariffs.